Bristol zoo veterinarians delivered a baby gorilla earlier this month through a rare Caesarian birth after the mother showed signs of potentially life-threatening pre-eclampsia
Kera, the mother ape, is still recovering anf feeling poorly for a number of days after the birth. Zoo staff were concerned about whether Kera would pull through but she is slowly doing much better.
The baby gorilla is doing well. The video shows how she needed her chest rubbed and help breathing just after her birth on Feb 12.
Staff at the zoo says Kera has taken little interest in her baby.
From the very start we have introduced Kera to the baby to get them accustomed to the sights and smells of each other. To begin with Kera displayed little interest and was still very poorly, and we had no choice but to continue hand-rearing the baby. With time we very much hope that Kera will start showing more interest in the baby.
The other female gorillas have shown a lot of interest in the baby, who weighed just over a kilo (2lbs 10oz) at birth.
She’s now being hand-reared round the clock by a small team of experienced gorilla keepers. The sight of the little gorilla’s attempts to breathe in the video the zoo posted details some heartbreaking moments.
Breathe baby gorilla!
It is the first time a gorilla has been born by caesarean at the Bristol Zoo, and one of only a handful of instances of it occurring worldwide. It is still very early days and the baby is not yet ready to be on show to the public.
Senior curator of animals, John Partridge, explained the significance of the event:
The birth of any gorilla is a rare and exciting event; but the birth of a baby gorilla by caesarean section is even more unusual. It wasn’t a decision that we took lightly – Kera was becoming quite poorly and we needed to act fast in order to give the best possible treatment to mother and baby, and to avoid the possibility of losing the baby.”
After being assessed by the Zoo’s team of in-house vets, expert treatment was provided by Prof David Cahill, a professor in reproductive medicine and medical education at Bristol University and gynaecologist in St Michael’s Hospital.
Despite having delivered hundreds of babies by caesarean in his career, this was the first time Prof Cahill had delivered a baby gorilla by this procedure.
Having been involved with the care of these gorillas over the years, with some trepidation and excitement, we were invited to the Zoo to assess the well-being of Kera, because she was in late pregnancy and showed some signs of being unwell.
Following our assessment, we considered that Kera might have a condition that humans get (pre-eclampsia) and that the only way to treat it was by delivery. We also thought that the baby in her uterus was showing signs of being very unwell and in need of delivery. My colleague from St Michael’s hospital, Dr Aamna Ali, and I prepared for this extraordinary caesarean section, and delivered a little girl gorilla.”
He added: “Along with having my own children, this is probably one of the biggest achievements of my life and something I will certainly never forget. I have since been back to visit Kera and the baby gorilla, it was wonderful to see them both doing so well.”
The zoo’s staff vet Rowena Killick, assisted with the procedure and the immediate treatment of the baby, including performing emergency resuscitation.
This was a very challenging operation and we are immensely grateful for the expert help we received which meant we were able to give care at the very highest level. The baby needed some intensive care immediately after birth and it is still very early days, but we are cautiously optimistic and will be keeping a very close eye on both her and Kera.”
Curator of mammals, Lynsey Bugg, is one of a small team of keepers providing round the clock care for the infant.
“The first few days were critical for the baby, it was vital that she was kept warm and began taking small amounts of formula milk. We started ‘skin-to-skin’ contact – a process used with human newborn babies – and she responded well to this and is getting stronger and more alert each day.”
There’s no name yet for the little baby gorilla girl. Our suggestion? Julia Caesar.
h/t: Bristol Zoo